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世界吼王一张专辑带你结识爵士大师-星子与小塘

全部文章 admin 2016-03-27 279 次浏览
一张专辑带你结识爵士大师-星子与小塘

星子与小塘丨风吟
主打中英双语乐评四神瓦当 ,感受欧美音乐文化

The Black Saint and the Sinner Lady
本期专辑:《黑圣人与女罪人》
风吟
The Angry Man of Jazz
Mingus’s Musical Masterpiece
written by Mr. Kilby
风吟
爵士界的怒目天王——查理·明格斯音乐精品
翻译:小塘
Introduction:
Charles Minguswas an American bassist曹小强 , bandleader, pianist and composer. His career would span three decades but his impact on jazz and all of music would last a lifetime. Mingusbelieved if something is good now, it will be good later. Jazz was once America’s most popular form of music, but today it’s relegated to a niche genre. But the music created by Mingus and his contemporaries, like John Coltrane, Miles Davis, Thelonious Monkand countless others has influenced musicians from all genres of music. And to this day, I don’t know anything that sounds like a Charles Mingusalbum. It’s a surreal and completely unique experience.
查理·明格斯生前是一名美国贝斯手,兼爵士乐队领队、钢琴演奏家及作曲家。他的职业生涯只有30年,但他对爵士乐及整个音乐领域的影响,却持续了一生19岁的纯情。明格斯相信,闪光的事物会一直闪耀。爵士乐曾是美国最流行的乐种,但如今却十分小众。但明格斯及其同时代人,如约翰·柯川、迈尔斯·戴维斯、塞隆尼斯孟克等所留下的作品,却影响了各个乐种的音乐家。到今天为止,我所知的事物中诺澜扮演者 ,无一能与查理·明格斯的音乐专辑相媲美。聆听他的专辑,是一种超现实的、独一无二的体验。
By the time Mingushad come on to the scene, the jazz age of the 20’s and 30’s was gone. Jazz was still popular in the 50’s and 60’s but it had begun to change. A lot of innovation and experimentation happened in these decades. The year that Mingus released his breakthrough album, Mingus Ah Um, another album was released by Ornette Coleman titled, The Shape of Jazz to Come. An album that featured what is called free jazz, which is about breaking down conventional methods such as fixed chord changes or tempo. While Mingus initially had a mixed reaction to this style of jazz, I believe it challenged him to rise to the new standard set byColeman.
当明格斯开始出没于音乐现场时,美国十九世纪二三十年代的爵士乐时代已然不再。十九世纪五六十年代时,爵士乐虽然继续流行,但已开始变种,这个时代出现了许多创新型和实验性作品破阵子春景 。就在明格斯发行其突破性专辑Mingus Ah Um的同年,欧涅·寇曼发行了名为《爵士来临》(The Shape of Jazz to Come)的专辑,这张专辑确立了自由爵士乐的风格欠债还情。自由爵士乐打破了传统的、固定的和弦变化规则和节奏风格。对于自由爵士乐,明格斯最初的态度是捉摸不定的,我相信明格斯那时的确感受到了新的挑战,使他必须适应欧涅·寇曼所带来的新的标准。
风吟
The Black Saint and the Sinner Lady
专辑推荐:《黑圣人与女罪人》
In 1963 Charles Minguswould release the album The Black Saint and the Sinner Lady. One of the most acclaimed and original jazz albums of all time. The album consists of a single continuous composition纳土纳群岛 , partially written as a ballet, divided into four tracks and six movements. Even among Mingus’s work, I find it totally unique. It is considered avant-garde as well as third stream jazz. Which is a genre that blends classical music with jazz, where improvisation is heavily featured. Mingushimself referred to the sound of the album as ethnic folk-dance music.
1963年,查理·明格斯发行了专辑《黑圣人与女罪人》(The Black Saint and the Sinner Lady)浮沉子 。这是史上最受欢迎也最具原创性的爵士乐专辑之一。整体而言,该专辑只包含一首独立的、不间断的乐曲,但它很大程度上被创作为一首芭蕾舞乐曲。这首乐曲在专辑中被分成了四首单曲和六个乐章。在明格斯的所有作品中,我认为这张专辑最为特别。它被认为是前卫爵士和第三流派爵士。这类爵士乐将古典音乐与爵士乐融为一体,即兴创作是其最为显著的特点。明格斯本人则把这张专辑中的乐曲与民间民族舞乐曲联系到一起。

Mingushad a background in classical music. He originally played cello as a child but it wasn’t yet considered a jazz instrument and it was nearly impossible for a black person to make a career being a classical musician. I believe this background lead to the sound featured on the album. Mingusalso incorporated the racism and injustices he faced into his music. Many times on a Mingusalbum you can hear him yelling in the background. He always played with a fiery passion, however he was also a very temperamental man, whichwould prompt his nickname, the angry man of jazz. A lot of this anger stemmed from his depression and anger with the injustices he faced as a black man. But I think part of the reason was also because Minguswas a perfectionist.
明格斯自身有古典音乐熏习背景宋医全文阅读 。他自幼演奏大提琴,但是大提琴并非爵士乐演奏乐器,而且对于那时的黑色人种来说,成为一名古典音乐的职业演奏家几乎是不可能的弹跳圣经 。我相信,世界吼王这样的音乐背景造就了本专辑中的音乐风格。明格斯也把他所遭遇的种族歧视和不公平写入了音乐中。在明格斯的专辑中,你会不止一次的听到他在音乐背后的呐喊博德大世界 。他在演奏时总是投入一种暴躁的热情灵魂忍者,但是他自身也的确喜怒无常,这些因素使他得到了“爵士界的怒目天王”的绰号。他的愤怒大多源于他对内心沮丧的压抑和他因黑人身份而面对的不公,但我认为,明格斯是一位完美主义者,这也是他愤怒产生的部分原因。
The first time I heard the album, I don’t think I understood what I was hearing, but I knew I liked it. If you like music to be challenging, inspiring and moving, The Black Saint and the Sinner Ladyis an album for you. If you want relaxing background music while you study, this isn’t the album.
我第一次听这张专辑时,我觉得我无法理解我听的是什么,但我知道我喜欢这张专辑。如果你也喜欢挑战性的、启发性的、动人的音乐,那么《黑圣人与女罪人》(The Black Saint and the Sinner Lady)这张专辑会很适合你。但如果你需要适合学习时听的轻松的背景音乐,那就不要选择这张专辑。
作者:Mr.Kilby
翻译:小塘
图片来源:Bing Images
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